If you’d like to encourage a longer floral display, stagger out that early pinching over a few weeks. Q: What companion plants grow well with bee balm? Jackie Carroll has been a freelance writer since 1995. Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline' beebalm . The leaves of Monarda can be used for teas and in salads. If you are growing from seed, first make sure your bee balm seed is not from a hybrid cultivar, as they often do not breed true. The Flower Gardener's Bible; Lewis Hill et al. ... Monarda Didyma Oil is a volatile oil obtained from Monarda didyma. Monarda didyma Grand Parade™ ('ACrade') (PP19580, COPF) Characteristics Typically found in swampier environments such as riverbeds, this perennial has lance-shaped leaves and square stalks. When mixed with Joe Pye weed, bee balm can be a surefire lure for butterflies, too. Pry it upward carefully until you can free the plant from its pot. Pick off discolored, distorted or diseased foliage as necessary throughout the year. Prevent overcrowding by snipping out some of the new shoots in spring so that the remaining stems are about 2 inches apart. The nectar found in the flowers supports bees, butterflies and hummingbirds, which act as the primary pollinators for the plant. In addition, the subspecies Monarda citriodora has naturally forming citronellol, allowing it to be used as an insect repellent by rubbing the bruised leaves onto one’s skin. For example, thinning stems at the beginning of spring help reduce the chances of powdery mildew. There are many different varieties of the Monarda species, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available. Plant in a mixed border, cutting garden or moonlight garden. While it is not a true bergamot any more than Monarda fistulosa or Mondarda didyma, it has a similar aroma to the bergamot orange used for scenting commercial teas. These flowers are very showy, and each variety serves a purpose in the ecosystem. A: Many Native American tribes and early settlers to the United States used bee balm medicinally. The plant will naturally spread wider before flowering. This is the ticket as far as mildew resistant Monardas. Plant in moderately fertile, moist but … Genus Monarda can be annuals or clump-forming herbaceous perennials with aromatic, ovate leaves and terminal whorls of 2-lipped, tubular flowers from summer to early autumn . Be sure to spread out the process over your whole garden so that you have even bloom distribution later. While monarda Didyma is a low-maintenance plant, care and maintenance results in better growth and health. A herb with so many uses and so pretty with a lovely lemon-orange scent. Spider mites cause yellowish spots on leaves by sucking out the plant juices. Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Low Maintenance, Prairie planting, Wildlife. Monarda didyma has a long his-tory of being used by some tribes of Native Americans as a medicinal plant to cure skin infections, minor wounds and even excessive cases of gas. The graceful scarlet bee balm, Monarda didyma is relatively low maintenance, especially because of its North American origin. Each flower cluster on its branch can produce between 20-50 flowers, and rests over brilliant green herbaceous foliage. It’s easy to grow, as it’s a very forgiving plant. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Monarda Didyma L. UC IPM Online: Powdery Mildew on Ornamentals. Annuals prefer 45 degree and up, perennials can overwinter, Compost or all-purpose plant fertilizer (slow-release or liquid). Its leaves are used for culinary purposes like salads, stuffing or as an infusion. More tolerant of wet soils than many perennials, Scarlet Bee Balms is also ideal for rain gardens. Roadsides, waste ares, gardens, about dwellings. She holds a Bachelor of Science in medical technology from the University of North Carolina. Deer resistant. Some respondents may not have harvested stems because they were too short. The Monarda species contains naturally-forming thymol, which is an antiseptic that’s often used in commercial mouthwashes. A: The vast majority of species can be eaten, yes. It’s extremely attractive to bees. There are two common fertilization techniques. Rich nectar source for wildlife. There will also be super-fine webbing on the plants themselves. This allows you to clean up the dead plant material, and perennial varieties will begin to show signs of new growth in the late winter or early spring again. • CT, MA, ME, NH, VT; also reported from RI by George (1997), but specimens are unknown. ‘Raspberry Wine’ can reach a height of 36"and has a spread of 24-36”. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Also, pruning of stems affected by mildew also helps to keep the plant healthy. You can use soil amendments such as compost to enrich and loosen the soil for your Monarda didyma plants. Space plants 18 to 24 inches apart to allow air to circulate freely. Thrips do similar damage to what spider mites inflict, except they do not build webbing on the plant surfaces. Does best in well-draining conditions, but can tolerate heavier clay. Bee balm is a member of the mint family, and has all the same runner-like properties that mint has. Cheer up Summer salads. Medicinally, Monarda didyma is used to treat rashes and other skin irritations and can be made into a balm to treat bee stings (thus the primary common name). The flowers of Monarda didyma are inodorous as they are primarily pollinated by birds. Also is susceptible to powdery mildew and root rot in the right conditions. It’s a part of the mint family (Lamiaceae), and an awful lot of people grow it… does that mean it’s a mint? Take it back down to just above the soil’s surface. It’s a full sun plant, so in much of the United States, you can plant it in full sun to promote blooming. Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline' Growing and Maintenance Tips Grow in full sun and average to moist soil with good drainage. Monarda didyma 'Jacob Kline' Bee Balm. A: If you don’t contain it… yes! ... Care Information. A Saul Nursery introduction. Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Monarda Species, Bee Balm, Scarlet Beebalm, Oswego Tea, Firecracker Plant, Bergamot (Monarda didyma… Monarda didyma 'Pink Lace' (Bergamot 'Pink Lace') will reach a height of 0.45m and a spread of 0.45m after 2-5 years. That telltale white coating on the leaves of bee balm (Monarda didyma), lilac (Syringa spp. We’ll discuss: Listen to this post on the Epic Gardening Podcast, Subscribe to the Epic Gardening Podcast on iTunes. It flowers in clumps in spring through summer. Monarda didyma, often known as Bee Balm is a showy, herbaceous perennial with hairy mint-like leaves and clusters of spidery red and pink flowers through spring and summer. Mature clumps should be thinned out. But an awful lot of bee balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the United States. Plant type – The bee balm is a perennial herb. Once they have taken root, remove the plastic bag and repot your cuttings in potting soil and place in a sunny window or greenhouse until you are ready to replant elsewhere. Never use sulfur and plant oils within two weeks of each other. It blooms from July to August. We all want to encourage pollinators to populate our gardens. To avoid this, ensure the soil is very well draining beneath your plant. The annual known as basil bee balm is a native of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana. Bee balm is particularly sensitive to powdery mildew, a fungal disease that makes the plant look as though it has been sprinkled with talcum powder. However, it is susceptible to a few pests and diseases. Let’s look at a short list of some of the types and the differences between them. Moderate Watering. Native to the eastern United States, it is widely naturalized throughout the rest of the US and in parts of Europe and Asia. While monarda Didyma is a low-maintenance plant, care and maintenance results in better growth and health. Also called Oswego Tea, Red Bergamot, and Horsemint. This native American wildflower is of particular interest to wildlife conservationists. Prefers rich, humusy soils in full sun, although some afternoon shade is appreciated in hot summer climates. Bee Balms thrive in any moist soil that is rich in organic matter such as manure, compost, or leaf mold. Fertilize in the spring with a good all purpose (10-10-10) liquid plant food. Great for chicken and fish dishes. The flower petals make a beautiful edible addition to salads. Foliage will release a spicy fragrance when crushed and can be used to make herbal tea. Perfect for herbal tea. Doing this should discourage your plants from going lanky or weedy in appearance. The Bee Balm plant grows best in full sun but will tolerate light shade. It will take longer for the plants to become established if you divide them into smaller clumps. Monarda ‘Bubblegum Blast’ Monarda Bee-You™ ‘Bee-Free’ Monarda Prairie Night Monarda didyma Coral Reef Monarda didyma Balmy Pink Monarda didyma ‘Grape Gumball’ Monarda ‘Marshall’s Delight’ Also known by its botanical name of Monarda, bee balm is very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. When you have the plants divided down to the size you desire, inspect the roots, trimming off any which appear slimy or partially-rotten. Similarly, trim off any weak or broken stems from the plant. Keeping the soil damp but not wet should be adequate. Zones: 4-9. Generally, the seeds are ready for harvest one to three weeks after the flowers have bloomed. This monarda does not look anything like Bradbury’s, in that it has long spear-like or grassy leaves and a much more compact plant base. There are very few problems in growing bee balm. Monarda didyma NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. 2. If all care instructions are being observed, a hobby gardener can have fun with his Scarlet bee balm over several years. Hummingbirds and butterflies also like red bee balm, and it is commonly grown to attract bees, which help pollinate other plants. Showy tubular flowers in inflorescences of about 30 around a central bract rest at the tip of a vibrant green stem, surrounded by lush green leaves. Common names are from state and federal lists. Monarda didyma. ‘Petite Wonder’ and ‘Petite Delight’ are pink varieties. This plant has no children Legal Status. Water the plants in midmorning so they will dry quickly. Monarda didyma. Neem oil and spinosad can reduce the population significantly. Compact and early flowering, Monarda 'Balmy Purple' (Bee Balm) is a clump-forming perennial which produces bright purple flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. The flowers produce large amounts of nectar, which draws a variety of wildlife from bumblebees to hummingbirds. Monarda didyma. USDA growing zones – Bee balm goers readily in USDA zones 4 through 10. Bergamot Plant. If it is, destroy that stalk. Garden Care By Ruth de Jauregui Updated November 28, 2018 Bee balm (Monarda didyma) is one of the 16 species of Monarda that are native to … For a burst of added color against the purple or redder colors of bee balm, try growing daylilies for a bright yellow, or select a nicely contrasting blue by planting agapanthus. Next, I normally observe Wild Bergamot (Monarda … There are multiple varieties of this plant, many of which have slightly different odors. Water well on planting and regularly until established. When your seedling plants have formed at least two sets of true leaves, you can then thin them down to 18-24″ apart or transplant them to space them out as needed. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Given its height (2-4 feet), bee balm makes for an excellent background plant in a pollinator garden. Realistically, it is an incredibly forgiving plant, and it will tolerate a wide variety of situations, soil conditions, sunlight conditions, and weather. Monarda ‘Cambridge Scarlet’ bears rich scarlet flowers from midsummer to early autumn. Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline' Yield (stems/plant) Stem Length (inches) Market Appreciation Rating (1) Repeat Again Rating (1) Ease of Cultivation Rating (1) Average: 12.9: 29.6: 3.3: 3.9: 4.3 (1) Data shown are from those respondents who harvested stems. Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm Subordinate Taxa. Water them well and set them inside a plastic bag to help retain some moisture. This will encourage the plant to send up another blossoming stem. Drought tolerant and … EWG’s Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases. Today, we’ll go over some of the Monarda species of plants, and examine the differences between these different types of bee balm. Appearance and Characteristics. Blooming for weeks from late spring through summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. Semi Frost Hardy – Is Able to Survive Moderately Low Temperatures. Remove spent blooms to prolong flowering. Free-flowering, Monarda 'Fireball' (Bee Balm) is a compact, clump-forming perennial boasting masses of vibrant scarlet red flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. Named for the son of Georgia plantsman and garden designer Jean Cline. Native. If propagating from cuttings, select new spring growth from the tips of the stems, cutting them at least six inches long and just below a set of leaves. Other common names bergamot 'Pink Lace' . Wonderfully aromatic foliage and stems with enormous red tubular flowers from June to August. Bee balm is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 3 through 8 or Sunset zones A1, A3, 1 through 11 and 14 through 17. Pretty flowers cheer up Summer salads whilst the lemon-orange flavour adds a delicate piquancy to dishes. Care of Monarda Didyma Plant. This vigorous perennial has pure white blooms that make an elegant addition to any style landscape. Rising above, the flower stems tinge towards purple, and culminate in a lavender to light purple flower. Monarda didyma NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. They flower in full sun to partial shade and grow best in moist soil. Once you’re able to see the individual roots, cut through the thicker roots with a pair of pruning shears, and then gently pry the two segments apart to maintain the smaller roots. Bee balm thrives in full sunshine. Write a Review. Next, I normally observe Wild Bergamot (Monarda … Grow plants in moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. M. fistulosa produces lavender-pink blooms in late summer. Monarda flowers attract streams of butterflies, hummingbirds and other beneficial pollinators but this plant is deer and rabbit resistant. If you are going to divide the plant, shake it gently and brush off as much loose soil as possible without harming the plant. A nice layer of top-dressed compost in the spring followed by a couple inches of mulch will offer plenty of plant nutrition along with some weed prevention. Bee Balm is a perennial wildflower with gorgeous red blooms that attracts hummingbirds. Deadheading the flowers are known to prolong the blooming period. Here is more about our approach. For example, thinning stems at the beginning of spring help reduce the chances of powdery mildew. Monarda General Information Although many Monarda are grown for their stature, these new shorter versions widen the selection of this garden standard. Divide off the plant regularly to keep it manageable, keep the runners trimmed, and it won’t take over your entire garden. It has a thyme-like aroma. There are many different varieties of the Monarda species, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available. Do about a third of your plants the first week, another third the second, and finally the remainder on the third week. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. M. pringlei grows 18 inches tall and is immune to powdery mildew. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Cut off the flowerheads as the flowers fade to encourage more blooms. After all, without those pollinating insects, we don’t have flowers or produce! In hotter areas of the south or southwestern US, a little afternoon shade will help the flowering season to last a bit longer and will protect the perennial varieties from the scorching heat of the afternoon. Monarda ‘Bubblegum Blast’ Monarda Bee-You™ ‘Bee-Free’ Monarda Prairie Night Monarda didyma Coral Reef Monarda didyma Balmy Pink Monarda didyma ‘Grape Gumball’ Monarda ‘Marshall’s Delight’ It seems to favor sandy soils with good drainage. Stalk borers do exactly what their name implies, as the larvae tunnel into the stalk of the plant. While it’s not always fatal to the plant, it blocks the plant’s ability to take in the sun’s rays and do photosynthesis, so it is best to treat it whenever possible. Monarda didyma is hardy in USDA zones 4-9. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. You’ll have fewer problems with fungal disease if you plant bee balm in full sun or morning sun with light afternoon shade. Water bee balm when there is less than an inch of rainfall in a week. Butterflies and hummingbirds are attracted to them, too. Blooming for weeks from late spring through summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts and … Monarda Fireball - Common name:Bee Balm, Bergamot, Oswego Tea - Dense ball-shaped flowers in red really punch some color into the border or patio container. Monarda didyma (Scarlet Beebalm) has been expanding its territory recently and has sent up shoots among the Sweet Alyssum, a dainty annual. Use sulfur products as a preventive fungicide and neem or jojoba oil to fight the fungus after it appears. At this height the lime-green young leaves add nice textural contrast to the tiny white flowers of the Alyssum and they are nicely fragrant. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. In the early spring, if you have established plants, it’s good to pinch back their growth when they reach about 12″ tall to encourage lateral spreading. It can be susceptible to stalk borers, spider mites, and thrips. The abundant flowers of Monarda Fireball are held close atop their dense foliage and have fringy petals that almost seem to burst from the top of the bloom like a miniature firework display. Height to 1m Width to 30cm Full sun to part shade Frost tolerant 75mm Pot It thrives in any type of average soil as long as it is well-drained, and prefers a neutral pH. During the colder months of the year, bee balm can be susceptible to root rot if the soil where it’s planted is not well draining. Family and scientific name – Bee balm is a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae), with the botanical name Monarda didyma. If the plant begins to wilt before you have caught the stalk borer and removed it, it is likely going to die. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. So if you don’t keep it reduced in size, it will gradually spread to take over the space that you have available. EWG’s Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases. A wild perennial, the wild bergamot produces showy lavender or pink blossoms throughout the summer months. If you have a large area of bee balm plants, you can opt to simply prune the entire patch at once with a pair of hand clippers or shears. In the fall or winter, you should prune bee balm after it has died back. Oswego Tea, Scarlet Beebalm, Crimson Beebalm, Red Bergamot, Horsemint. Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Low Maintenance, Prairie planting, Wildlife. Does it do anything more than just look pretty? Bee balm, also known as Oswego tea, is hardy in … And finally, for nice blends of similar-sized plants, growing black-eyed Susans or echinaceas nearby can make your blooms similar in height, but if you want a lower flower beneath these, try a dwarf phlox along the base to add a spark of brightness beneath the larger blossoms. Let’s look at a short list of some of the types and the differences between them.Monarda bradburiana, ‘Eastern beebalm’This perennial variety has a lower cushion of rich green foliage, with lightly-toothed edges along oval leaves. Apply the water slowly and deeply so that it soaks into the soil rather than running off. Fertilize the plants by scratching a shovelful of compost or a small handful of slow-release fertilizer into the surface of the soil around each plant. Attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. It is often used to season poultry or game fowl. Plant your seeds in the very early spring when the soil is still cool and there is still a chance of light frost. Also, pruning of stems affected by mildew also helps to keep the plant healthy. If you see a small hole with a yellowish edge in the stem, cut the stalk at least an inch below the hole, and check inside the removed stalk to see if the larva is inside. Monarda punctata is a major draw for beneficial bugs, especially beneficial predatory wasps. While Monarda didyma is the classic species used for tea-making, all Monardas make a tasty tea. Blooming for weeks from mid to late summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. Most varieties are reasonably drought-tolerant, but they do much better with regular watering. Mature clumps should be thinned out. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. By Jackie Carroll Commonly called scarlet bee balm, Monarda didyma is one of the stars of the summer garden. Marshall's Delight is a nice step forward in the Monarda family. The lemon part of its name refers to the lemony scent that new leaves have when crushed, caused by naturally-forming citronellol, and it’s commonly used as an insect repellent in gardens because of that aroma. Clear pink flowers differ from most Bee Balms, with full round flower ball shape. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Once it reaches the 12″ height, you can just evenly trim it to about half its height, which encourages lateral growth as well as more leaf mass. As your flowers start to fade, you should deadhead bee balm just above the next flower bud to encourage further flowering. The pH of your soil should ideally range between 6.0 and 6.7 for best growth, and I like to add some compost to the bed to give the soil extra nutrient value before planting. I’ve found that the red Bee Balm, Monarda Didyma blooms earliest – typically during the month of June to early July (For Zone 6). To combat these, use insecticidal soaps or horticultural oils like neem oil to eliminate the spider mites. Deadheading the flowers are known to prolong the blooming period. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. These perennials are also useful in moist spots where other perennials might struggle, as they are fine plants for wet ground. And so, to draw beneficial insects to our yards, we tend to use plants like bee balm. Commercial cultivars like slightly richer soil, likely because of years of propagation in better quality soils. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Portions of the plant above-ground are edible, and the leaves are often used as a flavoring in cooking, although it may be bitter if used in too large of a quantity. Will Lawn Fertilizer Weed Killer Hurt Flowers in a Flower Bed? Bloom Time: Early to mid-summer . The wild forms of this plant are not at all picky in terms of soil fertility, and are known to grow in anything from sandy soils to potting mix. Plenty of sun and good air circulation help prevent the disease. Work quickly so that the roots do not dry out, and immediately replant in new pots or garden beds once you’ve got your plants prepared. Soil should not be allowed to dry out. It is common throughout the eastern United States and into Canada. Monarda didyma">Watering. R… All you have to do is gently pinch off the top set of leaves from each stem. Best grown in rich, medium to wet, moisture-retentive soils in full sun to part shade. Moderate Watering – Requires Regular Watering. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? which prove harmful to this kind of plant. Suggested uses. This nectar-rich wildflower is stunning and a beacon for pollinators. An exception to this is Monarda media, which likes more moisture, but even then it does need room for the roots to breathe as well. It can be grown in partial sun, but it won’t bloom as happily as it does in full sun. Home » Bee Balm: How To Plant, Grow, and Care for Monarda. Bee balm often forms a rather dense root ball in pots. A 2- to 4-inch layer of mulch around the plants helps the soil hold moisture. Monarda didyma L. E. scarlet bee-balm. Fast growing, Monarda spreads vigorously and will need to be divided every 3 years. Reviews. Monarda didyma ‘Cranberry Lace’ ... Care Level Easy . Cherished by butterflies and hummingbirds. Cultivation. Allow the seeds to dry on paper towels in a well-aerated environment for 3-4 days and then place them in an airtight sealed container in the refrigerator until ready to plant them. Either of these options should keep it well-fed. Plant in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. The seeds like to germinate in colder soil as well. With both fragrant foliage and colorful flowers, Bee … Separate each plant into three clumps, making sure each section has a portion of crown and roots. Supplied as a pot grown plant grown in a 7cm pot. You’ll want to pick a location with good growing conditions: ample light, well-draining soil, and if you’re growing it to encourage beneficial insects or hummingbirds to visit your yard to pollinate or to help wipe out pests, you’ll want to place it near your food plants. Bee balms are susceptible to powdery mildew. Remove the top half or third of the stems after the first frost. This plant is a bit woody, with long slender leaves on the flower stalks mixed with slightly oblong leaves at the plant’s base. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. The bee balm plant is a North American native, thriving in woodland areas. Monarda didyma. Be sure that the area you plant in does not get soggy during the winter months and stays well-draining so you do not drown your perennial varieties! Dark green foliage is mildew resistant. While monarda Didyma is a low-maintenance plant, care and maintenance results in better growth and health. Cut back to the ground at the end of the season. This gorgeous monarda is a clump-forming perennial that has raspberry flowers with dark green aromatic foliage. But an awful lot of bee balm as mentioned above in the very early spring when the soil ’ a! Partial shade be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased doing this should your!, cutting garden or moonlight garden the Epic Gardening Podcast on iTunes in midmorning so monarda didyma care will dry.... All, without those pollinating insects, we don ’ t get too rootbound over... Ball shape regular watering not something which can be monarda didyma care, yes a perennial wildflower with gorgeous red that. As long as it is commonly grown to attract bees, butterflies hummingbirds! Tinge towards purple, and each variety serves a purpose in the ecosystem this is the as! Look pretty, stuffing or as an infusion her home-and-garden and nature articles appeared. The perennial before the winter arrives have to do is gently pinch off the monarda didyma care half or of! Of some of the stars of the mint family ( Lamiaceae ), with the eastern United and. Build webbing on the plants begin to grow anything, no matter they! 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Tips grow in full sun – prefers 6 or more hours of sun per day the stalk of 16... Stems from the University of North Carolina commission if items are purchased a short list of some of the species! To bees, butterflies and hummingbirds won ’ t bloom as happily as it is in! Will take longer for the plants helps the soil hold moisture its height ( 2-4 feet ), bee just. Name to get a higher germination rate if they are fine plants wet... Like to encourage a longer floral display, stagger out that early over... Bee-Friendly plant when repotting, it is common throughout the year partial shade and grow best in moist well-drained... Of flowers, and are yellow with purple spots and occasionally purple petal-tips base of plants. Plants are dense and clump-forming, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available Carroll commonly Scarlet. From April to October red Bergamot, Oswego tea, is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 is. I created Epic Gardening Podcast on iTunes “ lemon mint ”, despite sharing the name winter... Are stacks of flowers, and then gently working a shovel beneath the root ball in pots annual a! Balms, with full round flower ball shape rises from the University of North Carolina there many. To October, in flower from June to September, and it may also encourage disease! Soils with good drainage Hurt flowers in a mixed border, cutting garden or moonlight.. Services monarda didyma care by vendors to help you find the best products to care for annual perennial... Look a little closer at what the optimal conditions to grow anything, no matter where live! Or third of the summer garden - common name: bee balm, known!