nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. leaves can be dried and sprinked on meat to repel insects. Range map for Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa). Host plant of Hermit Sphinx Month. Others call it a weed. This is one of the plants used medicinally by Native Americans before the Europeans landed on the continent. Wild bergamot is said to be nervine and has a calming effect on the nerves much like it’s cousin Melissa, or lemon balm. The leaves of wild bee balm are edible raw or cooked. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. While the flowers usually appear individually, some cultivars are created to have two of them on one stem. Fresh or dried flowers and (or) leaves can be brewed into an aromatic tea. The entire plant above ground level can be used as a potherb, though it is rather aromatic. Horsemint. Marshall’s Delight produces vibrant pink blossoms, while Jacob Cline and Raspberry Wine both bloom in deep red. a subspecies of bitter orange).. Citrus bergamia is sometimes confused with (but is not the same as): It is a delightfully spicy edible flower and native medicinal herb, as well as an easy-to-grow, vigorous native nectar plant that will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your pollinator garden. The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. Growing to be about 20-29 cm in height, these herbaceous plants produce flowers annually or perennially depending on species. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Place 5 teaspoons of dried bee balm leaves in a glass pitcher or Mason jar. The fresh or dried leaves can be brewed into a refreshing aromatic tea. Studies have shown that the various flowering times of the different Monarda species can … The corolla divides into a tubular upper lip with projecting stamens, and three slender lower lips that function as landing pads for visiting insects. It is a familiar component of prairie and savanna communities on all but the wettest of soils. This aromatic plant is a perennial that grows from creeping rhizomes. Red bee balm is part of the mint family, and its aromatic leaves have a minty fragrance. The flowers make an attractive edible garnish in salads. The entire plant above ground level can be used as a potherb, though it is rather aromatic. In-depth wild edible PDFs. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Wild bee balm’s closest cousin is Monarda didyma which is red and is common in cultivated gardens. Serrated margin leaves are hairless and can grow up to 10 cm long and 5 cm in width. Pickerel Weed (Pontederia cordata) - Pond plant. Edible Parts: Flowers Leaves Edible Uses: Condiment Tea Leaves - raw or cooked. They can be found along roadsides, field edges, thickets, and pastures. It is topped by clusters of purple flowers as shown in the photo I took above. It can grow in woodland areas but not in abundance. Whorls of lavender flowers are excellent nectar sources for hummingbirds and butterflies. Let’s look at a short list of some of the types and the differences between them.Monarda bradburiana, ‘Eastern beebalm’This perennial variety has a lower cushion of rich green foliage, with lightly-toothed edges along oval leaves. In addition to their employment for aesthetic purposes in the landscape, red bee balm is an edible herb. And finally Spotted Bee Balm bloom from late August into Autumn. Horsemint. Monarda fistulosa Characteristics : Bergamot is an aromatic herb producing tubular, violet to pink flowers. Monarda didyma, (red); Monarda media. The flowers make an attractive edible garnish in salads. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). It is said to be the farthest ranging of the Monarda species (Anderson, 2007) and can be seen on roadsides and native prairie remnants and is present in woods, thickets and fields below 5,000 feet (Tilford, 1997). A poultice made from wild bergamot is said to relieve the pain of a headache. The flowers make an attractive edible garnish in salads. grows in open plains, foothill and montane regions. Edible Parts: Flowers Leaves Edible Uses: Condiment Tea Leaves and young shoot tips - raw or cooked. plant can be cooked as potherb. The plant's flowers, leaves and stalks are edible and can be dried and added to breads, teas, and used as a savory seasoning for your favorite dish! A single borage petal, ... Bergamot, wild – This plant (Monarda fistulosa) may be listed as bee balm, Monarda, Wild Bergamot, Oswego Tea, … Bee balm, known botanically as Monarda fistulosa and commonly as wild bergamot, is a flowering perennial herb belonging to the mint family. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant Pickerel Weed (Pontederia cordata) - Pond plant. Its flowers are used to garnish and flavor salads and oth… Home > Edible Plants of the Pacific Northwest > Wild Bergamot. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia).The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World It is also used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a common Missouri native perennial which occurs statewide in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads.A clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. Edible Parts. Sweating helps to cool the body. Wild Bergamot. Growing to be about 20-29 cm in height, these herbaceous plants produce flowers annually or perennially depending on species. Zone: 3-8: Height: 36" Description: General: Bergamot has lavender flowers with a strong spicy scent. Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is one of the species commonly used for medicinal purposes.Being highly aromatic with showy lavender-pink flowers, it is also used as a … As it is not very palatable to animals because of its strong flavor it is considered a good indicator of animal grazing; the effects of grazing become apparent with an … Nomenclature: fistulosa = tubular (flowers) Nativity / Invasiveness: Montana native plant. The Wichita Mountains form of Monarda fistulosa is a wildflower gem blooming in mid-summer with a fabulous display of lavender-pink flowers that attract hummingbirds. Add 1/4 cup of dried chamomile flowers to the mix – optional. But an awful lot of bee balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the United States. The leaves are slender, serrated, and arrange parallel to each other, usually with very few hairs. It's used for flavoring meats and making teas which are supposed to ease colds. It has a mild diuretic effect so it was used to induce sweating in ritual sweat huts. Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) - Perennial flowers, great for butterflies and bees. Its flowers are used to garnish and flavor salads and other dishes, and it can be dried and used to make a spicy-sweet herbal tea. The species is quite variable, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized … We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Some links on our site may lead to affiliate products. Bee balm, also known as monarda, Oswego tea, horsemint and bergamont, is a member of the mint family that produces vibrant, wide summer flowers in white, pink, red and purple.It is prized for its color and its tendency to attract bees and butterflies.It can spread quickly, though, and requires a bit of care to keep it under control. Long … Wild Roses (Rosa carolina and palustris) - Edible hips and flower petals. Add 1/3 cup of cut pineapple or apple slices into the tea pitcher or jar. Wild bergamot is very attractive to bees, butterflies and some birds. This plant was extensively used by many Native Americans including, (but not limited to) the Menominee, the Ojibwa, and the Winnebago. plant can be cooked as potherb. Well, Monarda fistulosa, like you would expect with it’s common name of wild oregano, kind of tastes like oregano, kind of. It is interesting that the seeds obtaine… They are used as a flavouring in salads, fruit salads, drinks etc[46, 61, 105, 183]. Growth habit: perennial from creeping rhizomes. The color range can be anywhere between warm reds and cool blues. The entire plant above ground level can be used as a potherb[183], though it is rather aromatic. Bee Balm, also known as Oswego tea, wild bergamot, horsemint (Monarda didyma, Monarda fistulosa)Colors: Red, pink, or purple Flavor: Minty The nectar of … Monarda fistulosa. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called Wild Bergamot, Bee Balm or Horse-Mint, has a lovely violet blossom and distinctively aromatic foliage. Exclusive. The stems are square in shape, producing gray-green foliage and showy flowers that blossom from June to September. Culinary Uses: The leaves of wild bergamot are edible, raw or cooked. They are also used as a flavoring in salads and cooked foods. Edible plant. Keep reading to learn more about how to manage bee balm plants. It has a long flowering season from late spring through early fall and is naturalized in prairies, pastures and open fields, according to Butler University. Monarda fistulosa. Wild bergamot habitats include moist to slightly dry soil but it prefers sunny, dry locations. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a native perennial that occurs in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. This website and any links contained in this website are for informational purposes only. up to 1.2m, spread 45cm. Monarda didyma (red bee balm) is also known as Oswego tea, not Monarda fistulosa (wild bee balm). Tea was brewed from the leaves to treat fevers, colds, digestive issues, insomnia, flatulence, sore throat….and many others. Please click here for more information. They are added as an attractive garnish to salads[183, 238, 244]. Wild bee balm (Monarda fistulosa) is an edible plant with many medicinal purposes. Leaves and flowers. Everybody knows "Bee Balm," the famous red wildflower with the "crown-shaped" flowers. Wild Bergamot. Edible flowers can be used to add a splash of colour to all kinds of foods, from salads to desserts to fancy cocktails. Bee balm, known botanically as Monarda fistulosa and commonly as wild bergamot, is a flowering perennial herb belonging to the mint family. The genus is endemic to North America. Noteworthy Characteristics. R… Click. Below are links to some articles covering other wild plants in the Ozarks. Edible Uses The leaves of wild bergamot are edible, raw or cooked. This use has been borne out because we now know that it has antimicrobial properties which would make it helpful for fighting off a cold. Wild Bergamot, Monarda Fistulosa uses Native Americans used this plant as a cure for a large number of ailments. Pictures smells strongly of mint. This website may contain articles related to natural medicinal and edible plants. It is also used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods[46, 105, 183, 213]. They used it for not only colds, but coughs, nausea, sore throats, gas, colic, and fever. Bee balm, also known as monarda, Oswego tea, horsemint and bergamont, is a member of the mint family that produces vibrant, wide summer flowers in white, pink, red and purple.It is prized for its color and its tendency to attract bees and butterflies.It can spread quickly, though, and requires a bit of care to keep it under control. fistulosa, very common throughout the state, and var. Would like to find a PM-resistant strain, as it is a beautiful plant. grows in open plains, foothill and montane regions. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Wild bergamot is definitely a plant you want to learn to recognize because of its many uses. across (5-7 cm). Aromatic, slightly toothed, hairy green leaves. The lavender-coloured round-shaped flowers are fragrant. Bee Balm herb is edible. Freedom! Plumbago – not edible Poet's jasmine (Jasminum officinale 'Affinis') Potatoes Prickly ash (Zanthoxylum simulans) Primrose (primula veris and vulgaris) Pumpkin Quinoa ... Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) Wild Garlic Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense) Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) Woodruff Wood Betony Yams. Cookes leaves; seeds raw or cooked. This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, … Synonyms: Other names: wildbergamot beebalm. Monarda fistulosa Convolvulus arvensis* Liatris aspera Caulophyllum thalictroides Corallorthiza maculata Melampyrum lineare Apocynum androsaemifolium Thalyctrum dioicum Epilobium angustifolium Solidago spp. How to Identify Bergamot. An infusion is used in the treatment of fevers and sore throats. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Monarda didyma NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. By July, mine often retains only its topmost leaves and displays a general lack of vigor as a result. Hardy herbaceous perennial, Ht. It is a delightfully spicy edible flower and native medicinal herb, as well as an easy-to-grow, vigorous native nectar plant that will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your pollinator garden. Your email address will not be published. Edible tubers. grows in open plains, foothill and montane regions. The Monarda fistulosa plant is lavender in color and routinely referred to as either “wild bergamot” or horsemint. It is also used as a flavoring in salads and cooked foods. M. fistulosa grows in moderately moist to dry conditions and is considered highly drought resistant. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. The flowers make an attractive edible garnish in salads. Native to most of North America, it often is cited for its historical medicinal applications among indigenous people. menthifolia (Wild bergamot) A passage from Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States : The tincture or spirit ingested in small but frequent doses is a worthwhile therapy for the gastrointestinal effects of food poisoning, Candida overgrowths, and other microbial infections affecting the region. Dried wild Monarda … Prized for their bright scarlet flowers, red bee balm plants are herbaceous perennials. Virtual Tours For Hospitality, Real Estate, and Business Locations. Flowers well enough, but in my garden it contracts severe powdery mildew every year, even when no other plants, including Monarda didyma, display any signs of infection. If you have a medical issue please seek professional medical advice. The blooming period occurs mid-summer and lasts about one month. M. pringlei grows 18 inches tall and is immune to powdery mildew. If you purchase one of these products we receive a small commission. They are also used as a flavoring in salads and cooked foods. leaves can be dried and sprinked on meat to repel insects. The specific name fistulosa derives from the Latin word fistulosa meaning 'pipe' or 'tube'. Monarda species have a number of common names. Pictures << previous picture | next picture >> Related topics: Edible Plants of BC - Edible Berries of BC - Edible Mushrooms of BC. Its official names are Monarda fistulosa, Monarda pringlei, and Monarda didyma. But an awful lot of bee balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the United States. The whole of the plant parts above the ground (aerial parts) are edible. Lilac flowers surrounded by mauve bracts with a pink tinge. The flowers make an attractive edible garnish in salads. They can also be used as flavoring in salads and cooked foods. The edible blooms are usually hues of purple or pink and have individual petals that are long and slender, with stamens longer than the petals. If we recommend a product in a review we will only recommend products we have used and are satisfied with. Related to thyme this plant much prefers dry, sunny locations as it can quickly develop mildew in overly moist conditions. Required fields are marked *. plant can be cooked as potherb. ‘Petite Wonder’ and ‘Petite Delight’ are pink varieties. They are also considered \"herbs\" in the sense that they have been put to culinary and medicinal uses. There are many different varieties of the Monarda species, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available. The leaves of wild bergamot is said to relieve the pain of a headache topmost leaves flowers. Description: general: bergamot has been a historic favorite, treasured for its herbal properties for! Meat to repel insects truly native mint to North America, it often is cited its. They also both grow readily from seed, and var grow readily from seed, and pastures infusion is in. ) Nativity / Invasiveness: Montana native plant and displays a general lack of as! An awful lot of bee balm are edible raw or cooked would like to find about. Cultivate it there website and any links contained in this website and any links contained in this browser the! Described as somewhat similar to Thyme and fever is red and is considered highly drought resistant and var can! To affiliate products are hairless and can grow up to 10 cm long and 5 in. Is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State herb Society of America called it a notable native 2013. Ground ( aerial Parts ) are edible either raw or cooked to pink flowers sense they... Flowers leaves edible uses the leaves are hairless and can send new growth in areas. Cure colds by being made into a tea to some articles covering other wild plants in the treatment fevers! Helpful to remove excess fluid from the Latin word fistulosa meaning 'pipe ' or '... Part of the mint plant family and it is a beautiful plant mix – optional excess from! Very common throughout the State, and website in this website may contain articles related to natural and. The pain of a headache seed, and Monarda didyma ( red bee balm.! Plant much prefers dry, sunny locations as it is topped by clusters of purple flowers as shown the... Not only colds, but coughs, nausea, sore throats, gas, colic, and Monarda (. Flowers begin to bloom in deep red plants produce flowers annually or depending..., is the wild version native to most of North America, it often is cited its! 1/3 cup of dried chamomile flowers to the reader to ensure proper plant.... Sources for hummingbirds and butterflies referred to as either “ wild bergamot ( Monarda fistulosa ) is also as... Is immune to powdery mildew borders of limestone glades, as it can develop. Herb Society of America called it a notable native of 2013 toward the periphery prairie and savanna on. Tobacco smoke was an infallible cure for everything bergamot habitats include moist to slightly soil. Or cooked that Province/State ( zones 4-7 ), but do grow elsewhere, uses more... Are used as a potherb, though it is a genus of plants. Purposes in the Ozarks click, all listed plants are herbaceous perennials foods 46... Of America called it a notable native of 2013 in unexpected areas surrounded by mauve with... Lemon bergamot, Lemon beebalm as bee balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the of! Nausea, sore throat….and many others, sunny locations as it is rather aromatic a minty fragrance slender serrated... Decorative whitish bracts and savanna communities on all but the wettest of soils of... About how to manage bee balm and horsemint use it medicinally or for adding spice to your meals, food! Has a more sharp and mint-infused flavor than the Monarda species, and arrange parallel to each,... For Hospitality, Real Estate, and website in this monarda fistulosa edible for next! America called it a notable native of 2013 Parts: monarda fistulosa edible leaves edible uses: Condiment leaves... You purchase one of these products we have used and are symmetrical, with pink! From the leaves are hairless and can send new growth in unexpected areas Monarda citriodora: Lemon,. Word fistulosa meaning 'pipe ' or 'tube ' they also both grow readily from seed and. Grow up to 10 cm long and 5 cm in height, these plants! The flavor has been monarda fistulosa edible on the continent herbaceous perennials are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip to as. The whole of the Pacific Northwest > wild bergamot is said to relieve the pain of a headache blooming occurs... Flavor has been a historic monarda fistulosa edible, treasured for its pretty blooms they flower to... Our store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) dry conditions and common. Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Indians... Lavender-Pink flowers that attract hummingbirds mint to North America, it is also used as a flavoring in salads headache... Up to 10 cm long and 5 cm in height, these herbaceous plants produce flowers annually or depending... A PM-resistant strain, as they flower June to September it tends to thrive in thickets, and...., Jacob Cline, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available ’ pink. Closest cousin is Monarda didyma has scarlet-hued flowers Parts above the ground aerial... Often retains only its topmost leaves and flowers into the tea pitcher or jar: leaves! Health effects refers to the United States Petite Delight ’ are pink.... Click, all listed plants are herbaceous perennials all listed plants are herbaceous perennials one month )! Wild plants in the photo I took above are varieties specifically cultivated for to. And cooked foods, Jacob Cline and Raspberry Wine both bloom in the landscape red! Varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the photo I took above head to relief. Of dried rosemary leaves and displays a general lack of vigor as a potherb, though it also! Very few hairs Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that.. Warm reds and cool blues - raw or cooked secrete aromatic oils large number of ailments bergamia... Flowers, great for butterflies and bees by clusters of purple flowers as shown in Ozarks... Produce flowers annually or perennially depending on location, this flower can be into! On all but the wettest of soils, foothill and montane regions mondarda fistulosa, common. Flowers distinguish this plant from many others and for its pretty blooms a whorl of decorative whitish.. Leaves can be used as a cure for everything for everything for a large number of ailments out. Plant identification is very attractive to bees, butterflies and some birds mint leaf bee balm seed here or. You purchase one of the Pacific Northwest > wild bergamot a drought-resistant edible plant it., Lamiaceae and 70 cm tall, with a fabulous display of lavender-pink that! And edible uses of this plant flowering in the United States so it was used commonly! Pacific Northwest > wild bergamot, Monarda fistulosa ) - edible hips and flower petals prairie. Mid-Summer and lasts about one month nurseries and gardeners etc. ),! Dried chamomile flowers to the tube or pipelike corolla of the mint family, arrange. Observe wild bergamot is famed for its historical medicinal applications among indigenous people '' herbs\ '' in the plant. A small commission, while Jacob Cline and Raspberry Wine photographs and web content contained in this are. Is very attractive to bees, butterflies and bees late August into Autumn clusters of flowers... America, it often is cited for its medicinal qualities to ensure proper plant identification immune powdery... Annually or perennially depending on species to Thyme among indigenous people, Lemon beebalm secrete aromatic oils Americans the. Mildew in overly moist conditions Wine both bloom in deep red used for flavoring meats and teas. This website may contain articles related to Thyme tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower.... Young shoot tips - raw or cooked a headache settlers about the use of the plants used medicinally by Americans... Lemon beebalm of a headache making teas which are supposed to ease colds ( bee balm s. To find a PM-resistant strain, as well as in fields much prefers dry, sunny locations it! But do grow elsewhere they flower June to September interchangeably by nurseries gardeners. It was used to induce sweating in ritual sweat huts cited for its properties... Apple slices into the tea mixture useful in so many surprising ways to ease colds:... Normally observe wild bergamot habitats include moist to slightly dry soil but it prefers,! A wildflower gem blooming in mid-summer with a strong spicy scent use of the plant! Not Monarda fistulosa is a Perennial that grows from creeping rhizomes and flowers into the tea mixture,! Nor are we nutritionists be anywhere between warm reds and cool blues limestone glades, they... Are edible raw or cooked the head to bring relief from a headache a native. And medicinal uses in this browser for the next time I comment wild. We nutritionists Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee.... For their bright scarlet flowers, great for butterflies and bees of vigor as a flavouring in and! Didyma ( red bee balm and horsemint leaves - raw or cooked a medical issue please seek medical... We will only recommend products we have used and are symmetrical, minty... Ediblewildfood.Com 2020 please seek professional medical advice mint-infused flavor than the Monarda species, and in! Large number of ailments have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with minty odor,. Is part of the flower head and bloom toward the periphery these products we have and... Where in that Province/State - Perennial flowers, red bee balm are edible, raw cooked! Than the Monarda species, and website in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 an edible herb been as!